Summer and Spring are very exciting seasons of the year. The sun is shining, and the weather is pleasant. The birds are chirping, and many flowers are in bloom. People spend more time outdoors, and it’s generally a hive of activity. Alongside these exciting months, however, there are a whole host of natural agents that can trigger allergies in many people. The most common allergies during this time, as well as the causes of some of these seasonal conditions, are looked at more closely in this article.
Allergens During the Warmer Months
Allergens are the agents that cause or trigger allergies and allergic reactions. There are so many different allergens out there. Examples include sulfur, milk, and other food items. When it comes to the warm season, there are a few well-known culprits.
During the warm months, plants are flowering. Apart from the beauty this adds to our gardens and environment, flowering is also a vital step in the reproductive cycle of plants. Flowering leads to pollination, and thereafter, the fruit of a plant can be formed. The process of pollination involves the movement of tiny grains of pollen from one flower to another in the same species of plant. The main agents for this transfer are insects such as bees. Pollination can also take place with the aid of the wind and other animals as transfer agents.
The success rate of wind pollination is not very high. Because of that, nature has a built-in safety net. To counter all the lost pollen, much pollen is produced. Grasses are examples of plants that produce a lot of pollen and are pollinated through the wind pollination method.
This description of the pollination process in flowering plants has introduced two of the main causes of allergies during this time of the year. Insect stings and pollen can lead to allergic reactions in many people. The reaction could be mild or very severe, depending on the allergen and extent of the allergy.
Various fungi and mold also cause allergies. These growths thrive during warm and moist conditions. One more category of these seasonal allergies is the very food that we eat. Many fruits, vegetables, and grains are in season during this time. Some people can be allergic to them. Some examples include celery, melons, and apples.
Causes of Pollen Allergies
Allergic rhinitis or hay fever is a common pollen allergy. This can be experienced throughout the year, but it is most common during some of the seasons. The person experiencing such this allergy may appear to have cold-like symptoms. Typical symptoms include sneezing, congestion, itching, a runny nose, and watery eyes, for example. Different medical diagnoses are possible to test if someone has allergic rhinitis, but usually, the symptoms are enough to show that someone has this allergy. The other diagnostic methods include nasal passage examination, history testing, and even skin testing.
The symptoms of this allergic condition can be relieved using a wide range of medicines. These antihistamines do not cure the condition but are effective at reducing the symptoms. Allergic rhinitis is a long-term allergy and can also be lifelong. Many people are affected by it.
Pollen allergies are most commonly caused by the pollen from grasses and grains. The tiny pollen particles are not visible to the human eye and are carried all over by the wind. When they enter the nose and respiratory system of someone with hay fever, they trigger an immune system response. Although the pollen is not dangerous in itself, the body produces antibodies to fight the pollen. This leads to the production of a substance known as histamine, which is behind the main symptoms of hay fever. Antihistamines work by countering this substance.