We all dream of exploring new worlds, and to boldly go when no one has gone before. A Star Trek universe is possible and hopefully, we will witness that experience in our lifetime.
We may be old and wrinkly when that happens, but seeing humanity reach a different star system is something to look forward to. Until that, we may have the possibility to colonize Mars. Recent events have shown that there’s life on the Red Planet and we are ready to exploit it.
If you want to explore NASA’s fascinating discoveries click ‘Next’ now!
Elon Musk has a dream to colonize Mars by 2025, and with the new findings, he may be as determined as ever to do it. The Space X program has improved over the years and if a group of people is willing to take on the challenge, a Mars colony may become a reality.
But before we get there, we have to count on our rovers that were sent to Mars to bring in important data.
Click ‘Next’ to see what rovers we have out there!
It All Started With Spirit
Spirit is not the first rover to land on Mars, but it is, however, the first high-tech machine that was sent out there. The rover had a hard challenge ahead, it had to find signs of life in 90 sols (Solar Days).
The rover landed in 2004 and the assignment took longer than expected. The signs of life were dim and they didn’t know how long it will take to encounter any life forms. NASA had a lot more planning to do.
Click ‘Next’ to see what they did!
A New Mission
Knowing that the missing would take longer than 90 Days, NASA extended the objective to 2000 sols. The rover was just getting started, going up and down the rough Martian terrain, and gathering critical information about the Red Planet. The data that was sent back, however, was going nowhere and the scientists were losing hope.
But one day a scientist reviewed the logs and noticed that Spirit discovered something that brought them hope.
Click ‘Next’ to see what it was!
The Chemicals Of Hope
When a river, lake or ocean is fully depleted, it leaves behind two chemicals that show signs of its previous existence. With luck, the rover stumbled upon carbonate and hematite and this was an exhilarating win for the NASA scientists.
The knowledge of water gave high hopes to the NASA team and they were taking small steps towards finding life. However, they weren’t expecting a software failure that stopped the rover from functioning after just 20 days.
Click ‘Next’ to see what followed.
The Issue Was Persistent
In the NASA office, on the main rover screen, a flickering light was drawing the attention of all the scientists. The issue was ongoing, and the rover seemed stuck into a reboot mode. Nobody knew what caused this issue or how they could fix it from earth. Was it an alien?
Nobody knew for sure what was going on, but after a few days of staring at the monitor, the rover finally restarted.
Why was the mission so important? Click ‘Next’ to find out!
The Fascination With Mars
Humans were fascinated with Mars since the planet was first discovered. Gods were associated to its name in the past and in in the present billionaires see it as a possibility for colonization. Humanity always wondered if life was present on other planets, and Mars was the most promising.
Due to the position from the sun, scientists figured that at one point in time, life was present on this planet and they were determined to find it.
But their dreams were coming true! Click ‘Next’ to read more!
Spirit wasn’t alone in its exploration. Two rovers were sent out in 2003 and landed on the planet in 2004 21 days apart. One of them was Spirit and the other one was Opportunity. The amount of data that was sent back to earth by these two robots over these past 14 years was immeasurable.
As scientists looked over the photos they had in their database, they were misled countless times by the footages.
What did they found that was so confusing? Click ‘Next’ to discover!
The first photo that distracted the scientists looked like an alien crab. I can imagine how excited they were at first, but when more samples were brought back they realized that this is just a piece of geology.
This didn’t demoralize them, but on the contrary, they knew that at some point in time, they will discover the footage that will show evidence of life. They were expecting something different, something more obvious.
If you want to see what they were looking for, click ‘Next’ now!
A Clear Discovery
This next photo is exactly what the scientists wanted. A humanoid sight that may prove that Mars is populated by aliens.
Mars is the only planet in our solar system that can sustain life due to the position to the sun. The rovers were looking for ancient alien life forms so this image would’ve raised their hopes. Before a clear image was found, Spirit and Opportunity took photos of the vast diversity of Mars.
Click ‘Next’ to find out how Mars is in comparison to our planet!
Our Sister Planet
In comparison to Earth, Mars is more than half its size. Similar to our planet, a day there is roughly 24 hours, however, the years are slightly longer than that. It’s mostly covered with dirt and arid wastelands, but if it was covered with water, the possibilities would have been endless.
There is summer, fall, winter, and spring on this planet, so if it can be made habitable, we can enjoy a nice space Holiday and wonderful low gravity game of football.
So how long does it take to explore it? Click ‘Next’ to see for yourself!
The Rover Speed
I would expect state-of-the-art technology from NASA. But if that was the case, the rovers would’ve finished their mission in just a few days. Sadly, the rover’s speed was close to non-existent, both of them reaching speeds up to 0,18 miles per hour.
This was taken into consideration before the project launched and the scientists had to plan accordingly and land the vehicles in the appropriate area. They had to think about the best place to find life and they deployed the rovers specifically.
Click ‘Next’ to find out where!
The End Of The World
The rovers were placed on opposites sides of the planet. Since they were so slow, they had to explore as much as they could during a long period of time. This was the best chance of finding life and the scientists made the right decision.
Although the robots were facing challenges alone, they pushed through and managed to send in important data for the scientists to analyze. But the problems weren’t over and Spirit was already heading towards its second one.
Click ‘Next’ to see what happened!
3 Months into the mission and Spirit was heading towards an area that he didn’t expect. The sensors seemed odd at first, but just under its wheels, Spirit had a volcanic area that showed signs of water.
Although the rover lost some data during the final reboot, the rover was performing well and the scanners were set on high accuracy. The data that was recorded by Spirit was sent back to NASA for analysis and the rover continued its journey.
Click ‘Next’ to see what else he discovered next!
A Spectacular View
Spirit was completing objective after objective and now he was just about to complete an amazing achievement for the scientific world. Slightly leaned and with an even slower speed, the rover climbed Husband Hill. A machine never climbed a mountain or a hill on another planet, so this event will be remembered in NASA’s history.
They witness an amazing landscape with golden sands and captivating boulders that offered a glimpse of what Mars looked like in the past.
Click ‘Next’ to see how that would be!
A Troubled Planet
Life on Mars would’ve been hard. If any of us had lived there, we would’ve seen meteor showers up close and constantly dodge falling stars every day. Due to these conditions, large mammals couldn’t survive so the only hope of life was found in bugs or bacteria.
Even if the rovers brought back samples of smaller creatures it will still be a good achievement in the eyes of their leaders. But the planet wasn’t the only one troubled and Spirit encountered major difficulties.
Click ‘Next’ to read more!
Is This It For Spirit?
The rover drove through rough terrain and boulders kept affecting the vehicle’s wheels. After functioning well for a few years, the rover’s wheels stopped working and this left Spirit in an unwanted situation.
This happened in March 2006 in harsh winter colds. If it was too cold, the rover wouldn’t survive and the mission would not come to an end. The sunlight was setting and the dreadful cold temperatures of the night were about to put Spirit into a lot of trouble.
Click ‘Next’ to see what happened!
Spirit was stuck and the scientists had to come up with a solution fast until the sun was still up. They didn’t want to abandon more than two years of work and started to test their options. Luckily for them, the rover started to show signs of movement as the NASA operators pressed the back button.
The rover started going in reverse and once again it out of danger. But something was still damaged and the rover was moving slower than expected.
Click ‘Next’ to see what was wrong!
Barely Got There
The rover had one of the wheels stuck and it barely dragged it through the rough terrain. It got to its destination a month later in April but it wasn’t out of danger just yet. It got stuck in a sandstorm and the scientists tried their best to control it remotely from Earth during this.
They pulled through in the end and the rover was in a place where water minerals were detected shortly after it resumed the operations.
Click ‘Next’ to see what helped!
A Helping Hand
As Spirit resumed its activity and recovered from the sandstorm, the sensor showed that the rover was on a volcanic site, and the wheel that it was dragging dug lines in the surface. The path revealed water minerals and the scientist could finally start analyzing them.
Although no one expected the rover to last, the whole operations took six years to come to an end. The data that Spirit discovered during this time proved useful and the mission was a success!
Click ‘Next’ to see how much the rover traveled!
Slow But Good
The rover traveled 4.8 miles during its 3 years’ time. I can imagine that this distance may seem short, but for the rover, it was more than expected.
The radius that it covered was satisfactory, and although signs of life itself weren’t found yet, they allowed the scientists to analyze and to plan a new rover launch in the future. Mars is a big planet and I am sure that life is found if you look over the right hill.
Click ‘Next’ to see if something messed with the sensors!
The Scary Storm
The images that came back to NASA were shared with the world. The most intense moment was when the rover got caught in the dust storm on Mars. These images were processed and implemented in Hollywood movies.
They’re frequent as they are scary, and NASA was ready to process this data and create something out of it. Although some people were disappointed by the mission, there was still hope back there and the important details were just processed at NASA’s headquarters.
Click ‘Next’ to see what happened to the rover!
And May Spirit Rest In Peace
The machine proved efficient on the harsh surfaces of the Red Planet, but in the end, it had to retire. This happened in 2010 when the rover got stuck in the sand and eventually ran out of power.
An opportunity was also doing its job on the other side of the planet and NASA eventually launched a new rover to take Spirit’s place. The new one proved more efficient than the last one and it could also cover more ground!
But you have to see what Spirit left behind! Click ‘Next’ now!
The Gale Crater
While rovers were sending pictures back to earth, Mars was being reviewed by numerous scientists and the discoveries started to captivate them with each processed pixel. A distinct photo that made them look twice, was a rock called The Gale Crater.
As on Earth, the crater had multiple layers of sediment so there’s a possibility that liquid water could be found within. The ground, however, had millions of years so there was just a small chance that life still existed.
Click ‘Next’ to see what secrets it revealed!
A Strange Spot
NASA knew that it had small chances but they had to send rovers back there to investigate the area thoroughly. As new images were downloading, the scientists noticed an odd grey spot which they nicknamed Windiana.
It was a pale grey spot of dirt that didn’t go with the background. Out of all the red dirt in the area, a grey anomaly was discovered by the rovers and new information was sent back to Earth.
This discovery blew the scientists mind! Click ‘Next’ to see what they did!
A Possible Truth!
The rover started drilling into the weird spot and something started to take shape. It was a chemical that may point scientists in the right direction, showing that indeed there’s life on Mars. It may have been something from the past that was ready to be discovered.
The scientists were on high alert as the rover’s drill was getting deeper and deeper. No one knew what to expect and they could only wait for the outcome.
But would it be deep enough to find water? Click ‘next’ to find out!
Windiana was a challenge for the rover and the machine could only do it twice. NASA was close, but the power behind their machines wasn’t enough. But they were determined to get there!
Rovers are looking for methane which is a specific chemical that shows sign of life. If this substance is discovered, the reactions there would point the rover and the operators in the right direction. They didn’t want to give up after the first few drills and they were still pushing forward.
What was the outcome? Click ‘Next’!
A Life Equation
They went up and down the area and the rover looked for the missing chemical. It tried for days, for years, but since it covers such a small spot it was hard to find what it was looking for. The planet is so huge and it such a small speed, you can only explore it one meter at a time.
But in 2014 the event happened. Scientists had a brief moment of excitement when methane was revealed on the planet.
Click ‘Next’ to see if life shortly followed!
The Mystery Chemical
It wasn’t coming out in huge quantities, but it was present. Everyone started to think of reasons why the chemical was there, and they all had reasons to doubt the discovery. Earthquakes, meteors or natural disasters can push this gas out of the ground.
But the methane was spiking over and over again and it wasn’t constant enough to prove it was coming from a natural source.
So how would this change things? Click ‘Next’ to see for yourself!
A Certain Theory
Scientists were piling up to have a look at the discovery. This wasn’t something usual so they had to determine why the gas was there. One of the theories is that a geological event was happening in the area and this kept the methane flowing in the atmosphere.
Was this ongoing or did it happen only once in a while? Was it due to a meteor that crashed? NASA had to come up with more explanations.
But is it more to it? Click ‘Next’ to find out!
Possible Water Nearby
The theory of methane made scientists conscious of the rover’s surrounding. They couldn’t comprehend if the event was larger than they expected and if the geological even spread methane everywhere. The data that the rover sent back was limited so NASA was just starting to put the pieces together.
They got to a certain conclusion that the chemical was forming due to liquid water that was lying under the Red Planet’s surface. There was a moment of hope for NASA.
Click ‘Next’ to see what they did!
Important For Life
The scientists were persistent in looking for signs of life. It’s been a few years already and they were progressing slowly. The data that they received brought them hope, but it wasn’t exactly what they were looking for.
The chemical reaction would happen on the surface of Mars if there was liquid water underneath, it would explain why it was appearing and disappearing constantly. They were just waiting to see if something else will come out of the hole to hopefully say ‘Hi’!
Click ‘Next’ to see the final theory!
Running The Numbers
After numerous studies, the scientists came up with a new hypothesis that determined everyone to divert all resources to the area. The new theory was that methane was created by small microbes that lived under the surface.
Rovers weren’t sent to Mars to find giant creatures that will eat it for dinner, but they were built to find smaller signs of life, and to send the information back home for new studies.
Was the new theory accurate? Click ‘Next’ to find out!
Scientists were debating the new findings and the arguments were both backed-up and ignored. The evidence was there but the rovers that sent back the information weren’t capable of gathering the needed data to progress forward.
Methane and other gases were hard to track so they needed machines with advanced systems in order to get this mission to a proper end. Methane was a slight discovery so people had doubts.
In order to advance on Mars, they needed more funds! Click ‘Next’ to see if they received them!
Not Enough Miles
Mars is a large planet and the rovers are moving with speeds that barely pass 0,18 miles so it’s hard to reach their target just yet. When you’re looking for small organisms in a 5-mile radius, it’s hard to locate them in due time.
We’ve explored 15 miles of Mars, but knowing that the planet has a diameter of over 2000 miles, it’s hard to reach the ultimate goal. Will we find the Martians out there or are they already among us?
Click ‘Next’ to read more!
The Conspiracy Theory
We’ve heard a lot of theories of flying sources roaming around Mars, and we’ve seen crop-circles on Earth that may be a message from Mars itself, but can we find life on it?
NASA didn’t confirm that life exists on Mars but that doesn’t mean that it isn’t truly there. A lot of people presume that there’s life on the Red Planet but NASA just doesn’t want us to know. The government may be covering all the good photos and it’s up to us to uncover the truth.
Click ‘Next’ for clarifications!
The Unknown Truth
While the government is still looking for life, some photos show that life may already be present on the Red Planet. This may shock a few people while also proving that we’re driving in circles.
I wouldn’t be surprised if NASA is stalling from revealing the truth about aliens. Maybe some people are not ready to hear the news and they don’t want the planet to go into total chaos. These photos, however, are fascinating and it makes you think.
But what do experts think? Click ‘Next’ to find out!
The Abundance Of Data
Scientists are still analyzing the photos that were sent back and they are still looking into the possibilities. They specified that anyone can create photos with a few Photoshop skills, but it takes an expert to identify what’s true.
While some photos brought them hope, others set them back from reaching their goals. But there’s one thing for certain. They aren’t giving up and they are still looking into the future!
A new rover is designed as we speak and mission looks promising. Click ‘Next’ to read more!
The Future Robot
NASA is still taking steps to explore Mars fully. They are working on a new rover who’s due to launch in summer 2020. They planned the new machine for years now and they are implementing new technology that will revolutionize Mars exploration.
They even found the perfect landing site and the mission will take place on an ancient lakebed. There was a lot of data that brought them to this conclusion and hopefully it was the perfect place.
Click ‘Next’ to find out the theory behind it!
The Landing Site
Our new observatories and the information that the rovers brought back pointed scientists in the right direction. They knew for sure that life was present on Mars in the past and they were determined to find it soon.
A lakebed is a practical place for this landing to happen and it was discovered in the Jezero Crater. The crater is 28 miles wide and it is close to other considered sites.
Click ‘Next’ to see why NASA has high hope when it comes to this particular area!
The Nearby Areas
Jezero is thought to be one of the oldest lakebeds on Mars, and from Earth, scientists noticed that it is well preserved. The other sites, however, are completely different.
Before they move to them, however, they want to explore Jezero thoroughly. From the gathered data, NASA determined that a 4.1 billion years lake was active in the area. A long time has passed since then, but microbes could still be preserved in the crater.
Could the rovers find even bigger life forms? Click ‘Next’ to find out!
Taking Small Steps
Scientists aren’t expecting to find any larger life forms due to the atmosphere on Mars. But the possibilities for microbes and hopefully larva to exist in this lakebed are rather high.
We are progressing towards a future that may revolutionize modern medicine or even help us exploit minerals from another planet. If this mission is a success, humanity will have a lot to look forward to!
There’s more! Jezero had another reason of why it was chosen! Click ‘Next’ to find out more!
It’s Because Of The Gas
When scientists found the methane they knew that there are other things to look for when on Mars. Jezero was examined thoroughly and scientists realized that other creatures may be out there that are not carbon-based.
Mars’ atmosphere is made up of carbon dioxide, and the carbonates from when it rains on the planet because it produces carbonic acid. This was something that would change the mission completely and the new rover had the right sensors for it.
Click ‘Next’ to see what will change!
The Next Task
Carbonates will be the next goal that the rover will focus on. This is an important sign of life but it is disappointing that it only exists in smaller areas. The rareness of the chemical will make the next mission rather difficult but NASA is willing to succeed.
Carbonate is a form of liquid that can preserve life and NASA’s hoping to find it fast. So what tools can the rover use in order to detect it?
Click ‘Next’ to explore the possibilities!
With the data from the past rovers, NASA has managed to put together something stronger and more tech efficient. They needed something to detect biosignatures of life forms and report whether or not life is present. They also needed something that it’s unbreakable or can fix itself if something gets stuck.
Jezero should also have lava flowing so the technology behind the new rover has to withstand certain types of temperatures.
Click ‘Next’ to read about the recent discoveries that redefined life on Mars!
It’s All In The Rocks
We couldn’t find any aliens out there yet, but Mars has plenty of signs that show that life is indeed out there. NASA has found traces of organic matter on the rocks that were brought back for analysis.
Happily, there were no reports of a symbiotic organism that took control of humans so things were rather stable. It did show however that Mars contains all the necessary building blocks of life.
Would we have the honor to find life on Mars? Click ‘Next’ to find out!
Thinking About A Relocation
We are looking for life on Mars for years now, but why haven’t we considered other planets as well? I heard that we are barely considering a submarine to explore the icy moons of Saturn but that may be a project for the distant future. The pictures that we receive from Mars are beautiful, but why are we insisting if everything else has failed?
I presume that this has something to do with colorization and why we should get there fast.
Click ‘Next’ to find out why!
Living On A Foreign Planet
Imagine how your ID will look like? Besides the regular details, you will also see a new “Born On Planet” option that you will have to complete if you are willing to visit another world. All Sci-Fi lovers out there imagined this so why wouldn’t we?
In the 19th century, Astronomer Percival Lowell believed that the channels on Mars were actually ancient canals that had been built by Martians.
So does NASA have their own plan of colonizing Mars? Click ‘Next’ to learn more!
Humans On Mars
NASA hasn’t considered sending humans to Mars just yet. The possibility for survival is rather dim and a machine is performing better at this time. Hopefully, as technology progresses, a proper rover can be sent out there along with capsules that will prepare a habitat for humans.
NASA hopes that astronauts will be on Mars by 2030, and maybe they will collaborate with Elon Musk to do so. However, they have to consider a few challenges.
Click ‘Next’ to have a look at what may happen!
The Possibilities Of Colonization
At this time, we know that Mars is slightly similar to Earth, apart from the atmosphere that is close to non-existent. If we sent the proper equipment out there, we have to find ways for it to be self-sufficient. Of course, we have solar panels and we may create greenhouses, but for that, we need humans or high-tech robots to do our job.
Humans will move faster than machines on Mars, but we still have to do more planning until we get there.
Click ‘Next’ to see what that involves!
Putting Things Together
It first starts off with the appropriate landing sites for humans. You cannot send a human to Mars without knowing if there’s soil meant for agriculture or hills to protect any colony from dust storms or solar flares.
Scientists, however, said that the Northern latitudes are best for survival. Since Mars has seasons and a different atmosphere, the temperatures would be either too hot during the summer or too cold during the winter.
So is it too soon to consider Mars for colonization? Click ‘Next’ to read more!
Don’t Pack Your Bags Just Yet
The average temperature is negative 80 degrees, but it can get up to 68 degrees during the summer. The summer will last for the majority of the year, but a year there is different than ours.
You will have seven months of mild spring, eight months of extreme summer, five months of acceptable fall and four months of icy winters. But that is nothing compared to the main problem that threatens life on Mars.
Click ‘Next’ to learn more about the dangers of dust storms!
The weather on Mars varies because of the dust storms. It can go from hot to cold in an instant and you always have to seek cover since the storms happen quite often. They aren’t very violent to humans, but they can, however, affect the machines that work for you or get into places that you least expect.
Without proper equipment and filters, humans cannot consider Mars at this time. But if dust won’t keep you away from Mars, there’s something that will.
Click ‘Next’ to see what!
The Almighty Radiation
The weather is fairly mild for the most part, so you won’t have to worry too much. There’s no rain or snow, so if you enjoy the sun you’d flourish on Mars. Sadly, the only thing that will affect people living on Mars, will be space radiation.
Since there’s no atmosphere to block the radiation as we have on Earth, our skin will be strongly affected by this. But what happens if we have to leave some of our friends and family behind?
Click ‘Next’ to learn more!
Huston We Have A Communication Problem!
Mars is rather far from Earth so we may have problems communicating with our loved ones. But it’s not as tough as we would expect. A message sent from Mars to Earth can take up to 15 minutes to be sent and received.
That’s not bad all things considered, but you may have problems streaming a movie on Netflix. When that is acting up, you can visit Olympus Mons, which is a volcano that reaches 16 miles high!
Click ‘Next’ to find out who you can rely on!
Mars would be totally different from Earth. You won’t have the same internet speed, you won’t have the clubs that you were used to, and definitely, the cuisine of the planet will be different. Mars has its different resources, so we still have to rely on Earth to supply it once every few months.
At this time, a return trip takes 18 months and farming is out of the question at this time.
Let’s see what will change when it comes to finding life! Click ‘Next’ now!
Taking Things Further
With the new 2020 mission coming up, scientists are paving the way for life discovery and it’s already looking great. The rover will have state-of-the-art technology that will make things easier for the operators on Earth and finding life really seems possible.
The harder part was done and the data is already acting as a screen saver on NASA’s computer so everybody knows what to do. History has to be made and soon humans should set foot on the Red Planet.
Click ‘Next’ to find out who will make history!
The first person who would set foot on the planet will have loads of fun. The gravity is lighter than ours, so it will make walking, running and jumping much easier. It won’t be as extreme as it is on the moon, but it will take us time to get used to.
Mars only has 30% of the Earth’s atmosphere, so imagine the possible games that can take place there. Even tag would be much sweeter!
Click ‘Next’ to see if life will ever be found on Mars!
With the recent discoveries and the upcoming project, we should find signs of life on the Red Planet after the year 2020. Let’s be honest, most of us have a feeling that we are not alone in this universe, and I am sure that we will encounter a (hopefully) friendly alien soon.
I am not sure that an intelligent one will be on Mars, but the Red Planet is just the first step into the Milky Way and beyond.
So what else is out there? Click ‘Next’ to find out!
We haven’t even begun to explore our Universe. The Milky Way is huge and Voyager 1 and 2 barely left our solar system. Scientists have already found signs of other habitable planets that are similar to Earth, and once the technology is ready, we will set off to explore them.
The 2020 mission should be a success, and Elon Musk should colonize Mars before we set up to explore other galaxies. First, we are excited to see what Jezero has to offer!
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